AAA Foundation Study Reveals Benefits of Adding Safety Technology to Large Trucks
(Sept. 21, 2017)- Equipping large trucks with advanced safety technologies has the potential to prevent up to 63,000 truck related crashes each year, according to new research from the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety. In 2015, large trucks were involved in more than 400,000 crashes that resulted in more than 4,000 deaths and 116,000 injuries -- a four percent increase from 2014. AAA recommends that all large trucks, both existing and new, get equipped with cost effective technologies that improve safety for everyone on the road.
"We are constantly looking for ways to make our roads safer and in the traffic safety world sometimes large trucks are overlooked," said Tiffany Wright president of AAA Carolinas Foundation for Traffic Safety. "This research conducted by our national office reveals that the advantages of adding several of these technologies outweigh the cost."
According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, North Carolina ranks fifth nationwide in the total number of vehicles involved in fatal crashes involving large trucks with 1,949 in 2015. South Carolina is 10th with 1,406 total vehicles involved in fatal crashes involving a large truck.
The report, Leveraging Large Truck Technology and Engineering to Realize Safety Gains, examined the safety benefits and costs of installing four advanced safety technologies in both existing and new large trucks: lane departure warning systems; automatic emergency braking; air disc brakes; and video-based onboard safety monitoring systems. Researchers found that:
- The societal safety benefits (i.e., economic value of lives saved, injuries prevented, etc.) of equipping all new and existing large trucks with lane departure warning and video-based onboard safety monitoring systems far outweigh the costs:
- Lane departure warning systems can prevent up to 6,372 crashes, 1,342 injuries and 115 deaths each year.
- Video-based onboard safety monitoring systems can prevent as many as 63,000 crashes, 17,733 injuries and 293 deaths each year.
- The societal safety benefits of equipping all new trucks with automatic braking or air disc brakes could outweigh costs:
- Automatic emergency braking can prevent up to 5,294 crashes, 2,753 injuries and 55 deaths each year.
- Air disc brakes can prevent up to 2,411 crashes, 1,447 injuries and 37 deaths each year.
Consumers Weigh-in on Large Trucks
A recent AAA survey conducted in parallel with the AAA Foundation's research found that six out of ten (61 percent) U.S. adults feel less safe driving past large commercial trucks than driving past passenger cars. The top three reasons are:
- Trucks' large size and length (28 percent)
- Trucks have greater blind spots/less visibility (18 percent)
- Trucks can drift or swerve out of their lane (14 percent)
About one in four (26 percent) U.S. adults say adding safety technology to large trucks would help them feel better about sharing the road.
"It's easy to see why motorists fear large trucks when traveling near them on the road," added Wright. "By adding safer technologies to the trucking fleet, it can prevent crashes and might help ease drivers' concerns about sharing the road with large trucks."
Professional truck drivers and motorists have a mutual responsibility to safely share the road by being attentive to changing road factors and driving conditions. When traveling near a large truck, drivers should:
- Be aware that trucks have large blind spots or "no-zones." As a rule of thumb, if you cannot see the driver in the truck's side view mirror, they cannot see you.
- Leave plenty of room between your vehicle and a truck when coming to a stop on a hill. Trucks may roll back as the driver takes his or her foot off the brake.
- Avoid speeding up when a truck is passing. Slow down and give the truck driver plenty of room to pass.
- Follow trucks at a safe distance.
- Allow plenty of space for a truck driver who is signaling to change lanes.
AAA works closely with the trucking industry, government agencies and safety organizations to help keep all drivers safe behind the wheel. Many large commercial fleets have begun equipping trucks with these advanced safety technologies. AAA urges others to consider investing in cost effective technologies that can help save lives.
AAA Carolinas, an affiliate of the American Automobile Association, is a not-for-profit organization that serves more than 2.1 million members and the public with travel, automobile and insurance services while being an advocate for the safety and security of all travelers.